Documentation/fSDN/aSwitchImage: INSTALL.Linux

File INSTALL.Linux, 12.6 KB (added by akoshibe, 11 years ago)

OVS-1.1.1 install instruction

Line 
1 How to Install Open vSwitch on Linux
2 ====================================
3
4This document describes how to build and install Open vSwitch on a
5generic Linux host. If you want to install Open vSwitch on a Citrix
6XenServer, see INSTALL.XenServer instead.
7
8This version of Open vSwitch may be built manually with "configure"
9and "make", as described below. You may also build Debian packages by
10running "dpkg-buildpackage".
11
12Build Requirements
13------------------
14
15To compile the userspace programs in the Open vSwitch distribution,
16you will need the following software:
17
18 - A make program, e.g. GNU make. BSD make should also work.
19
20 - The GNU C compiler. We generally test with version 4.1, 4.2, or
21 4.3.
22
23 - pkg-config. We test with version 0.22.
24
25 - libssl, from OpenSSL, is optional but recommended if you plan to
26 connect the Open vSwitch to an OpenFlow controller. libssl is
27 required to establish confidentiality and authenticity in the
28 connections from an Open vSwitch to an OpenFlow controller. If
29 libssl is installed, then Open vSwitch will automatically build
30 with support for it.
31
32To compile the kernel module, you must also install the following. If
33you cannot build or install the kernel module, you may use the
34userspace-only implementation, at a cost in performance. The
35userspace implementation may also lack some features. Refer to
36INSTALL.userspace for more information.
37
38 - A supported Linux kernel version. Please refer to README for a
39 list of supported versions.
40
41 The Open vSwitch datapath requires bridging support
42 (CONFIG_BRIDGE) to be built as a kernel module. (This is common
43 in kernels provided by Linux distributions.) The bridge module
44 must not be loaded or in use. If the bridge module is running
45 (check with "lsmod | grep bridge"), you must remove it ("rmmod
46 bridge") before starting the datapath.
47
48 For optional support of ingress policing, you must enable kernel
49 configuration options NET_CLS_ACT, NET_CLS_U32, NET_SCH_INGRESS,
50 and NET_ACT_POLICE, either built-in or as modules.
51 (NET_CLS_POLICE is obsolete and not needed.)
52
53 If GRE tunneling is being used it is recommended that the kernel
54 be compiled with IPv6 support (CONFIG_IPV6). This allows for
55 special handling (such as path MTU discovery) of IPv6 packets.
56
57 To configure HTB or HFSC quality of service with Open vSwitch,
58 you must enable the respective configuration options.
59
60 To use Open vSwitch support for TAP devices, you must enable
61 CONFIG_TUN.
62
63 - To build a kernel module, you need the same version of GCC that
64 was used to build that kernel.
65
66 - A kernel build directory corresponding to the Linux kernel image
67 the module is to run on. Under Debian and Ubuntu, for example,
68 each linux-image package containing a kernel binary has a
69 corresponding linux-headers package with the required build
70 infrastructure.
71
72If you are working from a Git tree or snapshot (instead of from a
73distribution tarball), or if you modify the Open vSwitch build system
74or the database schema, you will also need the following software:
75
76 - Autoconf version 2.64 or later.
77
78 - Automake version 1.10 or later.
79
80 - Python 2.x, for x >= 4.
81
82If you modify the ovsdbmonitor tool, then you will also need the
83following:
84
85 - pyuic4 from PyQt4 (http://www.riverbankcomputing.co.uk).
86
87To run the unit tests, you also need:
88
89 - Perl. Version 5.10.1 is known to work. Earlier versions should
90 also work.
91
92If you modify the vswitchd database schema, then the E-R diagram in
93the ovs-vswitchd.conf.db(5) manpage will be updated properly only if
94you have the following:
95
96 - "dot" from graphviz (http://www.graphviz.org/).
97
98 - Perl. Version 5.10.1 is known to work. Earlier versions should
99 also work.
100
101 - Python 2.x, for x >= 4.
102
103Installation Requirements
104-------------------------
105
106The machine on which Open vSwitch is to be installed must have the
107following software:
108
109 - libc compatible with the libc used for build.
110
111 - libssl compatible with the libssl used for build, if OpenSSL was
112 used for the build.
113
114 - The Linux kernel version configured as part of the build.
115
116 - For optional support of ingress policing, the "tc" program from
117 iproute2 (part of all major distributions and available at
118 http://www.linux-foundation.org/en/Net:Iproute2).
119
120 - For debugging purposes, Open vSwitch expects that "tcpdump" is
121 installed as /usr/sbin/tcpdump. If tcpdump is not installed, or
122 if it is installed in a different location, then some Open
123 vSwitch log messages will not be as detailed.
124
125You should ensure that /dev/urandom exists. To support TAP devices,
126you must also ensure that /dev/net/tun exists.
127
128To run the ovsdmonitor tool, the machine must also have the following
129software:
130
131 - Python 2.x, for x >= 4.
132
133 - Python Twisted Conch.
134
135 - Python JSON.
136
137 - PySide or PyQt4.
138
139 - Python Zope interface module.
140
141(On Debian "lenny" the above can be installed with "apt-get install
142python-json python-qt4 python-zopeinterface python-twisted-conch".)
143
144Building and Installing Open vSwitch for Linux
145==============================================
146
147Once you have installed all the prerequisites listed above in the Base
148Prerequisites section, follow the procedure below to build.
149
1501. If you pulled the sources directly from an Open vSwitch Git tree,
151 run boot.sh in the top source directory:
152
153 % ./boot.sh
154
1552. In the top source directory, configure the package by running the
156 configure script. You can usually invoke configure without any
157 arguments:
158
159 % ./configure
160
161 By default all files are installed under /usr/local. If you want
162 to install into, e.g., /usr and /var instead of /usr/local and
163 /usr/local/var, add options as shown here:
164
165 % ./configure --prefix=/usr --localstatedir=/var
166
167 To use a specific C compiler for compiling Open vSwitch user
168 programs, also specify it on the configure command line, like so:
169
170 % ./configure CC=gcc-4.2
171
172 To build the Linux kernel module, so that you can run the
173 kernel-based switch, pass the location of the kernel build
174 directory on --with-l26. For example, to build for a running
175 instance of Linux 2.6:
176
177 % ./configure --with-l26=/lib/modules/`uname -r`/build
178
179 If you wish to build the kernel module for an architecture other
180 than the architecture of the machine used for the build, you may
181 specify the kernel architecture string using the KARCH variable
182 when invoking the configure script. For example, to build for MIPS
183 with Linux 2.6:
184
185 % ./configure --with-l26=/path/to/linux-2.6 KARCH=mips
186
187 The configure script accepts a number of other options and honors
188 additional environment variables. For a full list, invoke
189 configure with the --help option.
190
1913. Run make in the top source directory:
192
193 % make
194
1954. Become root by running "su" or another program.
196
1975. Run "make install" to install the executables and manpages into the
198 running system, by default under /usr/local.
199
2006. If you built kernel modules, you may load them with "insmod", e.g.:
201
202 % insmod datapath/linux-2.6/openvswitch_mod.ko
203
204 You may need to specify a full path to insmod, e.g. /sbin/insmod.
205 To verify that the modules have been loaded, run "/sbin/lsmod" and
206 check that openvswitch_mod is listed.
207
208 If the "insmod" operation fails, look at the last few kernel log
209 messages (e.g. with "dmesg | tail"):
210
211 - The message "openvswitch_mod: exports duplicate symbol
212 br_should_route_hook (owned by bridge)" means that the bridge
213 module is loaded. Run "/sbin/rmmod bridge" to remove it.
214
215 If "/sbin/rmmod bridge" fails with "ERROR: Module bridge does
216 not exist in /proc/modules", then the bridge is compiled into
217 the kernel, rather than as a module. Open vSwitch does not
218 support this configuration (see "Build Requirements", above).
219
220 - The message "openvswitch_mod: exports duplicate symbol
221 dp_ioctl_hook (owned by ofdatapath)" means that the ofdatapath
222 module from the OpenFlow reference implementation is loaded.
223 Run "/sbin/rmmod ofdatapath" to remove it. (You might have to
224 delete any existing datapaths beforehand, using the "dpctl"
225 program included with the OpenFlow reference implementation.
226 "ovs-dpctl" will not work.)
227
228 - Otherwise, the most likely problem is that Open vSwitch was
229 built for a kernel different from the one into which you are
230 trying to load it. Run "modinfo" on openvswitch_mod.ko and on
231 a module built for the running kernel, e.g.:
232
233 % /sbin/modinfo openvswitch_mod.ko
234 % /sbin/modinfo /lib/modules/`uname -r`/kernel/net/bridge/bridge.ko
235
236 Compare the "vermagic" lines output by the two commands. If
237 they differ, then Open vSwitch was built for the wrong kernel.
238
239 - If you decide to report a bug or ask a question related to
240 module loading, please include the output from the "dmesg" and
241 "modinfo" commands mentioned above.
242
243 There is an optional module parameter to openvswitch_mod.ko called
244 vlan_tso that enables TCP segmentation offload over VLANs on NICs
245 that support it. Many drivers do not expose support for TSO on VLANs
246 in a way that Open vSwitch can use but there is no way to detect
247 whether this is the case. If you know that your particular driver can
248 handle it (for example by testing sending large TCP packets over VLANs)
249 then passing in a value of 1 may improve performance. Modules built for
250 Linux kernels 2.6.37 and later, as well as specially patched versions
251 of earlier kernels, do not need this and do not have this parameter. If
252 you do not understand what this means or do not know if your driver
253 will work, do not set this.
254
2557. Initialize the configuration database using ovsdb-tool, e.g.:
256
257 % mkdir -p /usr/local/etc/openvswitch
258 % ovsdb-tool create /usr/local/etc/openvswitch/conf.db vswitchd/vswitch.ovsschema
259
260Startup
261=======
262
263Before starting ovs-vswitchd itself, you need to start its
264configuration database, ovsdb-server. Each machine on which Open
265vSwitch is installed should run its own copy of ovsdb-server.
266Configure it to use the database you created during step 7 of
267installation, above, to listen on a Unix domain socket, to connect to
268any managers specified in the database itself, and to use the SSL
269configuration in the database:
270
271 % ovsdb-server /usr/local/etc/openvswitch/conf.db \
272 --remote=punix:/usr/local/var/run/openvswitch/db.sock \
273 --remote=db:Open_vSwitch,manager_options \
274 --private-key=db:SSL,private_key \
275 --certificate=db:SSL,certificate \
276 --bootstrap-ca-cert=db:SSL,ca_cert \
277 --pidfile --detach
278
279(If you built Open vSwitch without SSL support, then omit
280--private-key, --certificate, and --bootstrap-ca-cert.)
281
282Then initialize the database using ovs-vsctl. This is only
283necessary the first time after you create the database with
284ovsdb-tool (but running it at any time is harmless):
285
286 % ovs-vsctl --no-wait init
287
288Then start the main Open vSwitch daemon, telling it to connect to the
289same Unix domain socket:
290
291 % ovs-vswitchd unix:/usr/local/var/run/openvswitch/db.sock \
292 --pidfile --detach
293
294Now you may use ovs-vsctl to set up bridges and other Open vSwitch
295features. For example, to create a bridge named br0 and add ports
296eth0 and vif1.0 to it:
297
298 % ovs-vsctl add-br br0
299 % ovs-vsctl add-port br0 eth0
300 % ovs-vsctl add-port br0 vif1.0
301
302Please refer to ovs-vsctl(8) for more details.
303
304Upgrading
305=========
306
307When you upgrade Open vSwitch from one version to another, you should
308also upgrade the database schema:
309
3101. Stop the Open vSwitch daemons, e.g.:
311
312 % kill `cd /usr/local/var/run && cat ovsdb-server.pid ovs-vswitchd.pid`
313
3142. Install the new Open vSwitch release.
315
3163. Upgrade the database, in one of the following two ways:
317
318 - If there is no important data in your database, then you may
319 delete the database file and recreate it with ovsdb-tool,
320 following the instructions under "Building and Installing Open
321 vSwitch for Linux".
322
323 - If you want to preserve the contents of your database, back it
324 up first, then use "ovsdb-tool convert" to upgrade it, e.g.:
325
326 % ovsdb-tool convert /usr/local/etc/openvswitch/conf.db vswitchd/vswitch.ovsschema
327
3284. Start the Open vSwitch daemons as described under "Building and
329 Installing Open vSwitch for Linux" above.
330
331Bug Reporting
332-------------
333
334Please report problems to bugs@openvswitch.org.